Convicting the Innocent
Where Criminal Prosecutions Go WrongBook - 2011
DNA exonerations have shattered confidence in the criminal justice system by exposing how often we have convicted the innocent and let the guilty walk free. In this unsettling analysis, Garrett examines what went wrong in the cases of the first 250 people exonerated by DNA testing, and proposes systemic reforms.
On January 20, 1984, Earl Washington—defended for all of forty minutes by a lawyer who had never tried a death penalty case—was found guilty of rape and murder in the state of Virginia and sentenced to death. After nine years on death row, DNA testing cast doubt on his conviction and saved his life. However, he spent another eight years in prison before more sophisticated DNA technology proved his innocence and convicted the guilty man.
DNA exonerations have shattered confidence in the criminal justice system by exposing how often we have convicted the innocent and let the guilty walk free. In this unsettling in-depth analysis, Brandon Garrett examines what went wrong in the cases of the first 250 wrongfully convicted people to be exonerated by DNA testing.
Based on trial transcripts, Garrett’s investigation into the causes of wrongful convictions reveals larger patterns of incompetence, abuse, and error. Evidence corrupted by suggestive eyewitness procedures, coercive interrogations, unsound and unreliable forensics, shoddy investigative practices, cognitive bias, and poor lawyering illustrates the weaknesses built into our current criminal justice system. Garrett proposes practical reforms that rely more on documented, recorded, and audited evidence, and less on fallible human memory.
Very few crimes committed in the United States involve biological evidence that can be tested using DNA. How many unjust convictions are there that we will never discover? Convicting the Innocent makes a powerful case for systemic reforms to improve the accuracy of all criminal cases.
Baker & Taylor
Political strife and religious faction lacerated fourteenth-century Italy. Giotto's commissions are best understood against the background of this social turmoil. They reflected the demands of his patrons, the requirements of the Franciscan Order, and the restlessly inventive genius of the painter. Julian Gardner examines this important period of Giotto's path-breaking career through works originally created for Franciscan churches: Stigmatization of Saint Francis from San Francesco at Pisa, now in the Louvre, the Bardi Chapel cycle of the Life of St. Francis in Santa Croce at Florence, and the frescoes of the crossing vault above the tomb of Saint Francis in the Lower Church of San Francesco at Assisi.
Contaminated confessions, eyewitness misidentifications, flawed forensics--these are the subjects of the first three chapters of this investigation based on the first 250 people exonerated by DNA evidence. Garrett (law, U. of Virginia Law School) relates case details--the crime, the investigation, the judicial process-- and identifies repeated problems that cause innocent people to be judged guilty. DNA analysis has been an extraordinary tool for exonerating prisoners and catching bad guys--but the number of cases where such evidence exists is a very small proportion of the total number of convictions--so there's a probability that there are many wrongly convicted prisoners who will never be exonerated. In the final chapter the author offers ideas for reforming the criminal justice system, and he calls for action. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
"For six years now I have worked diligently within the innocence movement, and I often hear the question: `How do wrongful convictions happen?' Convicting the Innocent gives all the answers. It is a fascinating study of what goes wrong. and it clearly shows that virtually all wrongful convictions could have been avoided." --- John Grisham
"DNA testing is revolutionizing our system of criminal justice: this book shows why. By digging deep into the case files of exonerees. Brandon Garrett uncovers what went wrong in those cases and probably in many more we simply can't know about. Garrett makes a powerful case for how to improve criminal justice so that we dramatically reduce the number of wrongly convicted."--- Barry Scheck and Peter Neufeld.
"This is an invaluable book, a comprehensive, highly readable but well-researched work examining the hows and whys of the law's ultimate nightmare---convicting the innocent."--- Scott Furow, author of Innocent
"It's common to say that DNA exonerations of innocent defendants provide a unique window on the weaknesses in our system of criminal investigation and trial. But what exactly do we see when we look through that. window? Until now the answer has been pretty sketchy. Brandon Garrett has produced a far more detailed and complete picture of the lessons of DNA exonerations than anything else to date. This is an indispensable book for anyone wanting to understand or improve American criminal justice."---Samuel R. Gross, Thomas and Mabel Long Professor Law, University of Michigan
"How can we stop sending innocent people to our prisons? As you turn the pages of this important and startling book, you will come to realize that wrongful convictions are not accidents. They are the tragic result of a criminal justice system in deep need of reform."---Sister Helen Prejean, author of Dead Man Walking