Gender, Ethnicity, and Health Research

Gender, Ethnicity, and Health Research

Book - 1999
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Book News
Constructs of gender, sex, ethnicity, and race are commonly used in the analysis of data in a number of fields, including epidemiology, sociology, medical anthropology, and health services research. This book examines these constructs and explores a number of questions in order to challenge the conventional wisdom within the health sciences. Loue (public health, Case Western Reserve University) evaluates whether it is beneficial to use race or ethnicity as a risk factor since they are not mutable characteristics. She also provides a review of the socioeconomic status, access to care, and quality of care these groups receive to examine the roles these factors play in their health status. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Springer Publishing
Health researchers routinely evaluate health and illness across subgroups defined by their sex, gender, ethnicity, and race. All too often, these classifications are proffered as an explanation for any differences that may be detected, for example, in access to care, frequency of disease, or response to treatment. Relatively few researchers, however, have examined what these classifications mean on a theoretical level or in the context of their own research. Assume, for example, that a researcher concludes from his or her data that African- Americans utilize certain surgical procedures less frequently than whites. This conclusion may mean little without an examination of the various underlying issues. Is there such a construct as race at all? How were whites and African-Americans classified as such? Does this finding reflect inappropriate overutilization of the specific procedures among whites or inappropriate underutilization among African-Americans? To what extent are socioeconomic status and method of payment related to the less frequent use? Are there differences in the manner in which health care providers present the various treatment options to whites and to African- Americans that could account for these differences in utilization? Are there differences in health care-seeking and health care preferences between the two groups that would explain the difference in utilization? Is the racial classification a surrogate measure for another variable that has remained unidentified and unmeasured? All too often, unfortunately, such issues are ignored or lightly dismissed with an entreaty for additional research.

Publisher: New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, c1999
ISBN: 9780306461729
0306461722
Characteristics: xiii, 195 p. : ill. ; 26 cm

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